August 30, 2012
In mid-October 2011, Kenya launched a military offensive against al-Shabaab militants in Somalia who had been crossing the border into Kenya to kidnap foreign tourists and aid workers for several months.
Operation Linda Nchi began soon after the kidnapping of two Spanish women who were working for Doctors Without Borders at the Dadaab refugee camp complex in Kenya's North Eastern Province on October 13th.
Since then, the Kenya Defence Forces have been incorporated in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), fighting alongside troops from Uganda, Sierra Leone, Djibouti and Burundi. Kenyan troops have vowed to remain in Somalia at least until AMISOM's mandate ends on October 31st.
Following the incursion, al-Shabaab and other groups have targeted Kenya with a series of grenade and landmine attacks, especially in North Eastern Province.
October 17th -- A Kenyan navy patrol boat is hit by a suspected rocket-propelled grenade off the coast of Lamu, injuring three navy officers.
October 23rd -- A grenade is hurled at Mwaura pub on Mfangano Street in Nairobi, wounding 14 people.
October 24th -- A grenade attack hits an OTC bus terminal in downtown Nairobi, killing one person and injuring 18.
October 27th -- Suspected al-Shabaab militants attack a vehicle transporting exam materials in Lafey district in Mandera, killing four people, including two education officials and a Kenyan police reservist.
October 28th -- A vehicle in a convoy carrying members of Kenya's paramilitary General Services Unit heading to Liboi hits a roadside landmine seven kilometres from Garissa town, injuring three people.
November 5th -- Two grenades are hurled at the East African Pentecostal Church in Garissa town killing two including an 8-year-old girl. Five others are injured.
November 6th -- Suspected al-Shabaab militants attack a border post in Damasa village in Lafey district in Mandera, killing a police reservist.
November 7th -- Gunmen attack a vehicle carrying Kenyan Certificate of Primary Examination papers in Damajale near Liboi, which is on the Kenyan-Somali border. No one was injured.
November 9th -- Al-Shabaab militants attack a Rural Border Patrol Unit of the Administration Police near Elwaq in Mandera district. No casualties reported.
November 15th -- A remote-controlled improvised explosive device is detonated in Dadaab refugee camp, injuring two private security officers in a police escort vehicle driving workers to their residences.
November 23rd -- Al-Shabaab militants ambush a military convoy on Abdi Sugow Road, less than 10 km from Liboi, injuring one soldier.
November 24th -- Twin grenades target a Holiday Inn hotel and a shop in Garissa, killing three people and injuring at least 27 others. A roadside bomb in Bulla-Garaay, near Mandera town, kills a Kenyan soldier and wounds four others on patrol.
November 26th -- Suspected al-Shabaab militants attack Arabia, a trading centre near Mandera, and hit the local police station taking arms and ammunition and destroying communications equipment.
December 5th -- A landmine targeting a United Nations convoy explodes at Ifo refugee camp in Dadaab complex, killing a police officer and injuring three others.
December 11th -- A remote-controlled explosive device explodes near Mandera Border Point Three, killing one police officer and injuring three. Another landmine in Wajir town targeting a military convoy explodes injuring nine soldiers.
December 12th -- A landmine targeting government vehicles leaving Jamhuri Day celebrations explodes, injuring the Wajir District intelligence chief, his driver and four women of the local peace committee.
December 15th -- Twin grenade attacks at Florida Hotel in Garissa town and the local prison officers' mess hall injure four people.
December 19th -- A landmine attack on a patrol vehicle in Dadaab complex kills a police officer and injures two other people.
December 20th -- A bomb explodes in Dadaab refugee camp targeting a senior police officer. No one was injured.
December 25th -- Two grenades are hurled at a government-owned club in Wajir town injuring seven people, including an army officer and a policeman.
December 29th -- A refugee leader, the chairperson of the Community Peace and Security Team in Hagadera camp, is killed by gunmen.
January 1st -- Gunmen kill a second refugee community leader, a member of the Lutheran World Federation peace committee, in Dadaab refugee complex.
January 3rd -- A landmine in Mandera targeting Kenyan army vehicles injures three soldiers.
January 5th -- Kenyan police seize explosive equipment in Ifo camp in Dadaab refugee complex and arrest nine suspects.
January 11th -- Armed al-Shabaab militants kill six people including three police officers in Gerille camp, Wajir District. The militants also kidnapped two government officials.
February 19th -- Al-Shabaab claims responsibility for an attack on a police station in Hulugho, Garissa, which killed a policeman and a civilian and injured two other civilians.
February 22nd -- Scores are injured in Mandera after a military vehicle hits a landmine.
March 10th -- Six people are killed and more than 60 injured when four hand grenades are hurled at Machakos bus station in Nairobi.
March 31st -- At least one person is killed and 18 wounded in two attacks targeting a church gathering in Mtwapa and a restaurant in Mombasa.
April 29th -- A grenade attack in God's House of Miracle International Church in Nairobi kills one person and injures at least 15 others.
May 14th -- Four soldiers are wounded when a landmine explodes beneath their vehicle in Mandera town.
May 15th -- A police officer is killed and three others seriously wounded when their vehicle drives over a landmine in Dadaab refugee complex. They were escorting aid workers near Dagahaley camp.
May 15th -- A security guard is killed and five people injured when a gunman opens fire at the Bella Vista restaurant in Mombasa. When guards at the restaurant prevented the gunman and two accomplices from entering, they hurled grenades into the restaurant and fled.
May 21st -- Four Kenyan soldiers are injured when their patrol vehicle hits a landmine in the north-eastern Mandera region.
May 26th -- Five people are wounded when a grenade is hurled at a construction site at a school in the Ifo II section of the Dadaab refugee complex. At around the same time, attackers in Wajir throw a grenade into a restaurant, wounding three.
May 28th -- An explosive device rips through shops in central Nairobi, wounding 38 people.
June 12th -- Police arrest a woman in Nairobi who had in her possession a hand grenade and three pistols.
June 24th -- Three people are killed and 30 wounded when a hand grenade is thrown into Jericho Beer Garden in Mombasa as football fans watch the Euro 2012 quarter-final match.
July 1st -- Masked gunmen hurl grenades are fire bullets as worshippers gather at the African Inland Church and the Catholic Central Cathedral in Garissa, killing 17 people and injuring more than 60 others.
July 5th -- Police arrest a man carrying two grenades at the Nakuru Agricultural Show shortly before President Mwai Kibaki arrived to deliver a speech.
July 18th -- Four people are injured when two grenades explode at a barbershop and a hotel in Wajir.
July 22nd -- Police arrest two young men with four hand grenades in Kitale as they were boarding a Nairobi-bound bus. A third man escaped capture.
July 25th -- Three police officers are injured when their patrol vehicle hits a landmine in Dagahaley camp in Dadaab refugee complex.
August 3rd -- Two separate attacks in Nairobi's Eastleigh neighbourhood kill four people. The bombs used in the attack are disguised as a transistor radio and a gas cylinder.
August 28th -- Three Kenyan policeman are killed and over a dozen wounded in a grenade attack during riots in the port city of Mombasa over the killing of Islamist cleric Aboud Rogo Mohammed.
September 15th -- Al-Shabaab is blamed for a roadside bomb attack that injures two Administration Police officers who were responding to an earlier explosion in Mandera.
September 21st -- Two police officers are injured when their lorry hits an improvised explosive device while on routine patrol near the Garissa Provincial General Hospital. A second explosion targeting responders injures four civilians gathered at the scene.
September 30th -- A suspected grenade attack kills one child and wounds nine others at the Anglican Saint Polycarp Church in Nairobi. In Garissa, two officers are shot from behind and killed while on patrol in the Ngamia Road area.
October 9th -- Kenyan police safely detonate a bomb weighing more than 10 kilograms that was found in an abandoned briefcase outside a restaurant in Garissa.
October 25th -- The bodies of Abdrashid Moallim Ahmed, 50, Hassan Aden Auul, 43, and Siat Mohamed Ismail, 48, are discovered with bullet wounds near Dadaab refugee complex. Police suspect that a gang that operates between Dadaab and Liboi is behind the incident.
October 28th -- Kenyan police shoot dead two suspected terrorists feared to be plotting attacks in the country's coastal region.
October 30th -- Unknown gunmen kill one police officer and injure another while on patrol near First Community Bank Limited in Garissa.
November 6th -- At least two people are wounded when a bomb explodes in Nairobi's Eastleigh neighbourhood.
November 7th -- At least four people are killed and five injured in attacks by armed men in two villages in the Kenyan border town of Mandera.
November 11th -- At least 42 Kenyan police officers are killed and 21 wounded while pursuing cattle rustlers in northern Kenya.
November 14th -- An explosion in Nairobi's predominately Somali Eastleigh neighbourhood injures at least one person.
November 16th -- Unidentified gunmen kill two police investigators in Garissa town while they were walking in Mugdi Market.
November 18th -- At least five people are killed and more than 10 injured in a minibus explosion in Nairobi's Eastleigh neighbourhood.
November 19th -- Gunmen kill three soldiers in Garissa as they replaced a flat tyre.
December 3rd -- A Kenyan police officer is injured when a petrol bomb detonates at Kiembeni police station in Mombasa.
December 5th -- A roadside bomb near a mosque in Nairobi's Eastleigh neighbourhood kills one person and wounds eight others.
December 7th -- A grenade was hurled into a crowd of worshippers leaving the popular Hidaya mosque in Eastleigh, killing five people.
December 14th -- A woman is injured when a bomb explodes near a voter registration centre in Dadaab refugee complex.
December 16th -- Two people are seriously injured when at least three grenades are lobbed towards a bar in Nairobi's Eastleigh neighbourhood.
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